Stay out of the water at night, dawn or dusk: sharks are most active at these times and are well equipped to locate prey even when visibility is poor.
Don’t wear high-contrast clothing or light-reflecting jewellery: sharks see contrast very well and light-reflecting objects may appear to be fish scales.
Swim, surf or dive with other people: sharks most often attack lone individuals.
Swim in patrolled beaches if possible: surf lifesavers look for sharks and will alert beach-goers if there is a sighting.
Don’t wander too far from shore: this will isolate you and decrease the likelihood of you receiving any assistance.
Don’t enter the water if you’re bleeding: sharks have an excellent sense of smell and taste and can trace blood to its source.
Avoid areas where animal, human or fish waste enters the water: sewage attracts baitfish, which in turn attract sharks.
Avoid murky water, harbour entrances, channels and steep drop-offs: sharks frequently swim around these areas.
If fish or turtles start to act frantically, leave the water: they may be behaving this way because there is a shark nearby.
Refrain from excessive splashing, and if you are diving and are approached by a shark, stay as still as possible: unpredictable movements can attract sharks, and if you are diving and carrying fish, release the catch and carefully leave the area.
Wear a Shark Shield safety product for water activities: these are the world’s only scientifically proven electrical shark deterrent; nothing is more effective.